For painters during the Yuan dynasty, a difficult decision had to be made. Join the foreign government and feel like a traitor to China, or retreat to the south and continue to paint for oneself. Please discuss the styles of the period according to whether they are conservative or creative. Who were the Zhe school and who were their founders? What stylistic differences can be seen among the painters of the Yuan period and how do we determine who is a wen-ren painter and who is a conservative painter?
Return to Imperial Glory
The Ming dynasty marked the return of China to Han Chinese rule for the first time in almost a century. City planning, architecture, and painting undergo a shift during this period as the imperial family felt a distrust of the scholars and academics that had served the Yuan court. How are systems of control and conservatism reflected in the construction of the Forbidden City? What are the characteristics of the Zhe school and what do you think is significant about these types of amateur painters residing in the south? Who are the four great painters of the period and what makes them so great? Were there any artists who saw themselves as an alternative to the amateur, scholarly painting of the early period? Why?
The Last Imperial Dynasty
The Qing dynasty was the last dynasty of China. It also marks the end of the pre-modern era. What are some of the ways this period can be seen as ushering in a new era of painting and sculpture that prefigures what we see in today’s Chinese artists? How do the styles that arise during the Qing dynasty serve as a kind of culmination of the earlier painting styles and how do they differ? Where do you imagine painting going after this?
Please do not use any information other than what I provided.
For the textbook read pp. 186-219