Final Exam – Critical Thinking
Moral Reasoning
1) Identify and explain the moral criteria of adequacy. Be specific. (20 pts)
2) Apply the moral criteria of adequacy to either a) social relativism or b) individual
subjective relativism. Be sure to explain the theory you selected. Decide whether you
would reject the theory and why. (30 pts)
3) Apply the moral criteria adequacy of utilitarianism. Be sure to explain the theory you
selected. Decide whether you would reject the theory and why. (30 Pts)
Scientific Reasoning
1) Explain and differentiate science, technology, and scientism. (20)
2) For each of the following phenomenon, use your background knowledge and what you
know about the subject to create an alternative theory. Then, test both theories using
the criteria of adequacy (discuss each aspect) (10 pts each)
a. Phenomenon: A form of Dengue fever found in Panama was also detected in the
U.S. among people who had never been there.
Theory: Trade wind blew the fever north to America
b. Phenomenon: As the job market worsens, black Americans lose jobs faster than their
white counterparts.
Theory: Racial Prejudice
c. Phenomenon: In the past 18 months, crime has increased in major cities.
Theory: Law enforcement is lax on crime.
d. Phenomenon: Covid19 began in the province of Wuhan, China.
Theory: It escaped from an infectious disease laboratory