Friedrich Nietzsche writes:
But nothing exists apart from the whole! –That no one is any longer made accountable, that the kind of being manifested cannot be traced back to a causa prima, that the world is a unity neither as a sensorium nor as ‘spirit’, this alone is the great liberation—thus alone is the innocence of becoming restored. . . . The concept ‘God’ has hitherto been the greatest objection to existence. . . . We deny God; in denying God, we deny accountability: only by doing that do we redeem the world. (“The Four Great Errors, # 8, in Twilight of the Idols, p. 65)
Compare and contrast Nietzsche’s perspective with Masao Abe’s presentation of Zen Buddhism in Zen and Western Thought. Masao Abe also asserts that nothing exists apart from the whole. Explain what Nietzsche and Abe mean by their respective claims regarding the whole and how each thinks the realization of his perspective can lead to liberation. What are the points of convergence and divergence between Nietzsche and Abe? What manner of being in the world does each perspective open up?