IT HAS TWO (2) QUESTIONS: ONE LONG, ONE SHORT. YOU MUST ANSWER BOTH QUESTIONS.
QUESTION #1:
“A SAFE AND JUST SPACE FOR HUMANITY: PLANETARY BOUNDARIES, ECOLOGICAL ECONOMIES, AND CIVIC ENGAGEMENTS”
This essay is to be based primarily on the following videos:
Here are the video links to the Great Transitions Initiative and the Eco-Tipping Points Project (which we watched on the last day of class):
Introduction to Great Transition Ideas . https://greattransition.org/
Introduction to Eco-Tipping Points (several other “success story” short videos are on the same page, including the one about New York City community gardens):

Short Videos Of Our Flagship Stories


Johan Rockström, “Let the environment guide our development,” available at:

Kate Raworth, “A healthy economy should be designed to thrive, not to grow,” available at:

Majora Carter, “Greening the ghetto,” available at:

Tim Smith, “A living community framework for sustainability” (we did not watch this one in class), available at:

The Great Transitions video describes several possible pathways into the future, from business-as-usual to a socio-ecological paradigm shift.
The Eco-Tipping points video introduces the idea that small-scale local changes can yield larger scale regional and even global changes.
The talk by Johan Rockström introduces the concept of “planetary boundaries” from the perspective of Earth System Science.
The talk by Kate Raworth introduces the idea of a “safe and just space for humanity” from the perspective of what might be called Socio-ecological Economics.
The talk by Majora Carter introduces the idea of “environmental justice” from the perspective of grassroots organizing.
The talk by Tim Smith introduces the idea of “civic ecology,” also from a grassroots perspective.
Your task:
Write a 500 – 750 word critical reflection on the overlapping themes of these videos.
Some things to keep in mind as you write:
Your answer must make at least one explicit reference to at least four of the videos.
Your answer must include at least one explicit reference to one of the philosophers of science we studied in the first half of the semester (Popper, Kuhn, Feyerabend, Harding, Meadows).
Your answer must include discussion of your own developing views and understanding of the interrelated issues discussed in the videos and in the course more generally.
Your answer must include at least a few lines about what you would change about the world if you could change it, and what you think the role of science and technology would be in effecting the change(s) you recommend.
(SEE NEXT PAGE FOR QUESTION #2)
QUESTION #2:
Imagine telling someone that you took a course on “ethical and cultural issues in science and technology” and they said, “Hmm…Sounds interesting. What was it about?” What would you say? How would you describe this course in just a few sentences?