Please read chapter 13 in the attached book . Include page number in every in-text citation.
The book is attached.
Please reply to the following:
In the least, Edward Snowden’s actions amount to espionage. His decision to flee to China and Russia to reveal the classified information betrays his repeated rhetoric that he needed to spark public debate about the NSA data collection, which he was skeptical of (Lowenthal, 2020). Lowenthal goes on to say that, as a whistleblower, Snowden could testify before Congress and make the disclosure, which would undoubtedly spark public debate. Declassifying sensitive intelligence information violates the oath and jeopardizes the intelligence community. According to Herman (2013), a person entrusted with the possession of a secret, such as Snowden, is also obligated to guard and protect it.
Snowden broke the Intelligence Community Whistleblower Protection Act, which requires whistleblowers to follow certain procedures. Instead, he acted illegitimately by bypassing the congressional they must first do so through channels in the intelligence community but are free to inform the intelligence committees if the community has not taken action by a specific time committees, violated the 1917 Espionage Act, and stole the government’s classified information—disclosing it to unfriendly countries, China and Russian. These irregular actions qualify his actions as inconsistent with whistleblowing. In any case, whistleblowing should not benefit the adversary. To this end, Snowden’s actions depict him as a double agent; someone who is trained and expected to spy for the NSA but is, unfortunately, working for an enemy state, in this case, China and Russia (Goldman, 2015).
The main qualities expected of intelligence officers are loyalty, discretion, and tenacity (Herman, 2013). Snowden’s betrayal of these virtues undoubtedly marks him out as a traitor who jeopardizes his country’s national security interests at the expense of foreign agents. According to Lowenthal, the whistleblowing system can only be effective if it is honest, open-minded, and protected from victimization.
Please reply to the following:
In 2013, computer expert and former CIA system administrator Edward Snowden leaked confidential government documents about the existence of a government surveillance program to the press. According to many legal experts and the US government, his actions violated the Espionage Act of 1917, and leaking state secrets was identified as a treason. Despite the fact that he broke the law, Snowden claimed he had a moral obligation to act. He justified his “whistleblower” with the fact that he had an obligation to “inform the public what was being done for them and what was being done to them.” According to Snowden, regardless of legality, it was necessary to expose the government’s invasion of privacy. I believe, whatever he did there was some motive behind it otherwise he would not have done something like this that would jeopardize his life and career. “One of the most compelling arguments in favor of strong and continued responsibility for recruited sources has little to do with morality and ethics” (Lowenthal, 2020). Integrity is the most important part of life. Whether you choose to protect the information that was given to you or not, it should be a moral ethics to safeguard the information that was given to you. “Under US law, intelligence employees have their own system to report activity they believe violates the law or is unethical” (Byrne, 2017). Some people feel that forged relationships are morally criticized. With people who may have been involved in anti-American activities. Policy and intelligence officers face difficult decisions during access to useful information that cannot be obtained through unpleasant prospects or unpleasant prospects of paying terrorists with other means drug dealer.