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Category: Astronomy (Page 1 of 4)

Astronomy Research Paper : Any topic relevant to class is acceptable, and it m

Astronomy Research Paper : Any topic relevant to class is acceptable, and it must be 3-5 pages with at least two references at the end. Below you will find some possible topics with large amounts of information available online.
Suggested Topics
NASA/ESA Missions
Cassini
Juno
New Horizons
Rosetta
James Webb Space Telescope
Kepler
Curiosity Rover
Europa Clipper
TESS Mission
Space Topics
Space Travel:
Near future, like space tourism and asteroid mining
Far future, like real possibilities for interstellar travel
Fermi Paradox
SETI
Travel Brochure
Top 5 destinations in the solar system. Imagine you run a space tourism company in the future and Bill Gates’ granddaughter wants to go on a honeymoon. Make a brochure that would highlight the top 5 destinations in the solar system, making your trip the best one to take for her honeymoon. You must talk about specific features or moons, not just a planet in general. For example, “Visit Mars” or “Visit Saturn” are no good because they are too general. “Visit Olympus Mons on Mars”, or “Visit Saturn’s moon Enceladus” are okay since they talk about a specific destination on, or around, the planet.
For the travel brochure, you can turn in a traditional format of pages like a word document, or get creative and make something like a 3 fold travel brochure, or Powerpoint presentation. As long as you have 5 destination and a couple paragraphs about each one, that will work just fine.

Topic is Zodiac signs as it relates to Astrology and thier impact on social beha

Topic is Zodiac signs as it relates to Astrology and thier impact on social behaviors.
The typing should be size 12 font, 1 inch margins in all directions for all pages, including first and last pages (sides, top, bottom of paper), single spaced lines. Please follow standard MLA writing standards citing all references and giving credit to any cited passages. Please have a minimum of 5 references, including the book and any online sources to your writing. Note: you may use Youtube sites as two of your references.

reserach the big bang theory to its effect on our society, its importance for ou

reserach the big bang theory to its effect on our society, its importance for our future, or its role in the evolution of philosophical and religious ideas. The paper should be backed by at least 5 sources. The length of the paper should be between 5 to 7 pages. work cited page do NOT count towards your 5-7 pages but is needed. Be sure to include citations throughout the paper, and remember to express your thoughts and opinions as well! It needs to be mla format 12 font times new roman and double spaced. plagiarism free.

For all of the groups’ questions, use the following numbers W, X, Y, Z computed

For all of the groups’ questions, use the following numbers W, X, Y, Z computed as follows.
Add 2022 to the last four digits of your phone number: _________ This is W.
Divide W by 18 and round to the nearest whole number: _________ This is X.
Divide X by 10 and do not round off your answer: ____________ This is Y.
Divide Y by 10 and do not round off; then add 2.02 to your answer: _________ This is Z.
1). Present a brief history of how Lord Kelvin’s hypothesis about why the Sun shines was
disproven, and how it was still eventually crucial in explaining why Earth is warm.
Does your answer correctly describe the relevant scientific work of each scientist?
– Have you explained the scientific and historical content clearly and correctly?
– Did you either draw a sketch or list the equations that properly convey the scientific content?
– Have you included one interesting non-science-related thing about this bit of scientific history?
– Is all your information accurate, and if it is controversial, do you have references to support it?
2) Write a question, including a sketch, that calculates the gravitational force exerted by our
planet on the Chandra X-Ray Observatory or another telescope in Earth orbit. Then answer it
Your anser from will be assessed on the following criteria:
– Does your question fulfill the given requirements?
– Did you draw a sketch that correctly presents the question?
– Do you explain what equations you are using and why?
– Do you show all your work and calculations clearly in your video?
– Is your answer correct, and did you cite any references you used?
3) Present a brief biography of the astronomer Maria Mitchell.
Your aswer from will be assessed on the following criteria:
– Have you included the time and place they lived, including birth and death years?
– Have you included at least one science-related thing you found interesting about their life?
– Have you included at least one non-science-related thing you found interesting about their life?
– Have you explained their most significant scientific contributions clearly and correctly?
– Is all your information accurate, and if it is controversial, do you have references to support it?
4) Choose any TWO parts of Question 3 ([a], [b], [c], or [d]) in either Study Guide 13 or 14 that
involves a calculation with an equation and one or more of the values W, X, Y, or Z. Present and
solve those two question parts in your video, using the values of W, X, Y, or Z
5) Choose any TWO parts of Question 3 ([a], [b], [c], [d], or [e]) in any of the video lectures’ Study
Guides 09, 10, or 11 in which you described the material about solar system objects.
Your answer will be assessed on the following criteria:
– What parts of which study guides are your video about, and what objects are being presented?
– What are the main ideas covered in your video, and how are they relevant to the course?
– Have you explained the material clearly and correctly?
– Have you included at least one thing you personally found to be particularly interesting?
– Have you related this material to at least one contemporary theory of the solar system?

For all of the groups’ questions, use the following numbers W, X, Y, Z computed

For all of the groups’ questions, use the following numbers W, X, Y, Z computed as follows.
Add 2022 to the last four digits of your phone number: _________ This is W.
Divide W by 18 and round to the nearest whole number: _________ This is X.
Divide X by 10 and do not round off your answer: ____________ This is Y.
Divide Y by 10 and do not round off; then add 2.02 to your answer: _________ This is Z.
1). Present a brief history of how Lord Kelvin’s hypothesis about why the Sun shines was
disproven, and how it was still eventually crucial in explaining why Earth is warm.
Does your answer correctly describe the relevant scientific work of each scientist?
– Have you explained the scientific and historical content clearly and correctly?
– Did you either draw a sketch or list the equations that properly convey the scientific content?
– Have you included one interesting non-science-related thing about this bit of scientific history?
– Is all your information accurate, and if it is controversial, do you have references to support it?
2) Write a question, including a sketch, that calculates the gravitational force exerted by our
planet on the Chandra X-Ray Observatory or another telescope in Earth orbit. Then answer it
Your anser from will be assessed on the following criteria:
– Does your question fulfill the given requirements?
– Did you draw a sketch that correctly presents the question?
– Do you explain what equations you are using and why?
– Do you show all your work and calculations clearly in your video?
– Is your answer correct, and did you cite any references you used?
3) Present a brief biography of the astronomer Maria Mitchell.
Your aswer from will be assessed on the following criteria:
– Have you included the time and place they lived, including birth and death years?
– Have you included at least one science-related thing you found interesting about their life?
– Have you included at least one non-science-related thing you found interesting about their life?
– Have you explained their most significant scientific contributions clearly and correctly?
– Is all your information accurate, and if it is controversial, do you have references to support it?
4) Choose any TWO parts of Question 3 ([a], [b], [c], or [d]) in either Study Guide 13 or 14 that
involves a calculation with an equation and one or more of the values W, X, Y, or Z. Present and
solve those two question parts in your video, using the values of W, X, Y, or Z
5) Choose any TWO parts of Question 3 ([a], [b], [c], [d], or [e]) in any of the video lectures’ Study
Guides 09, 10, or 11 in which you described the material about solar system objects.
Your answer will be assessed on the following criteria:
– What parts of which study guides are your video about, and what objects are being presented?
– What are the main ideas covered in your video, and how are they relevant to the course?
– Have you explained the material clearly and correctly?
– Have you included at least one thing you personally found to be particularly interesting?
– Have you related this material to at least one contemporary theory of the solar system?

Technology has improved dramatically since the first ground-based telescopes wer

Technology has improved dramatically since the first ground-based telescopes were created. Please read the article below to explore the different space-based observatories and the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum they access for imaging.
Major Space Telescopes (1).pdf
Because of this, the images we can now construct give us a MUCH better representation of objects in our Universe! Your task, for a lab-grade, is to research and report-out on ONE space-based mission, and how it has advanced our knowledge of space-based objects. You can submit your final product either as a power point video, a word doc/pdf report, Prezzi, etc.
I’m including a grading rubric for your review, so that you hit all of the key components for the project and earn the maximum points possible! BONUS! For extra credit, you can earn up to 5 extra points if you want to share/present your findings with the class!!
To give you an idea on what your presentation might look like, check out this exemplar: KEPLER.ppt
Please follow the professor’s instructions, and check files for more examples/information and rubic. Thank you. if you have questions or need anything, please let me know.

First Paragraph: Mars Perseverance Rover. Helpful Reference for Mars Perseveranc

First Paragraph: Mars Perseverance Rover.
Helpful Reference for Mars Perseverance
Rover:
https://youtu.be/fhtw7Dpntb4?t=589 (from
9:49 to 16:47):
Key information to include:
•The Mars Perseverance Rover will be
studying the Jezero Crater on Mars. Why is
Jerezo Crater a very interesting place to
study?
•How old is the river delta in Jezero Crater?
•In the past, when water was present in
Mars, what do scientists think Jezero Crater
used to be?
•What type of life are scientists searching for
in Jezero Crater?
•What types of rocks will the Perseverance
Rover look for in Mars?
•What are Stromatolites? How are they
formed?
• Another type of rock the Perseverance
Rover will look for in Mars is Chert Rock.
What is the black stuff seen on Chert Rock
on Earth?
Second Paragraph: Mars Sample Return.
Helpful References for Mars Sample Return:
https://youtu.be/fhtw7Dpntb4?t=2302 (from
38:22 to 44:12):
https://youtu.be/omEi4A9tiA?t=72 (from 1:12
to end):
https://youtu.be/RNnJBKR9lqY?t=17 (from
0:17 to end):
Key information to include:
The Mars Perseverance Rover will take
samples of rocks from Mars and store them
in sample tubes. Unfortunately, the Mars
Perseverance Rover is not able to analyze
these samples to determine if there is/was
microbial life on Mars. The goal of the Mars
Sample Return Mission is to bring the
samples collected by the Perseverance
Rover back to Earth so that scientists can
analyze these sample in detail on Earth.
•Describe the main steps involved in the
Mars Sample Return Mission, from collecting
the samples on Mars, to bringing the
samples back to the Earth.

First Paragraph: Mars Perseverance Rover. Helpful Reference for Mars Perseveranc

First Paragraph: Mars Perseverance Rover.
Helpful Reference for Mars Perseverance Rover:
https://youtu.be/fhtw7Dpntb4?t=589 (from 9:49 to 16:47):
Key information to include:
•The Mars Perseverance Rover will be studying the Jezero Crater on Mars. Why is Jerezo Crater a very interesting place to study?
•How old is the river delta in Jezero Crater?
•In the past, when water was present in Mars, what do scientists think Jezero Crater used to be?
•What type of life are scientists searching for in Jezero Crater?
•What types of rocks will the Perseverance Rover look for in Mars?
•What are Stromatolites? How are they formed?
•Another type of rock the Perseverance Rover will look for in Mars is Chert Rock. What is the black stuff seen on Chert Rock on Earth?
Second Paragraph: Mars Sample Return.
Helpful References for Mars Sample Return:
https://youtu.be/fhtw7Dpntb4?t=2302 (from 38:22 to 44:12):
https://youtu.be/omEii4A9tiA?t=72 (from 1:12 to end):
https://youtu.be/RNnJBKR9lqY?t=17 (from 0:17 to end):
Key information to include:
The Mars Perseverance Rover will take samples of rocks from Mars and store them in sample tubes. Unfortunately, the Mars Perseverance Rover is not able to analyze these samples to determine if there is/was microbial life on Mars. The goal of the Mars Sample Return Mission is to bring the samples collected by the Perseverance Rover back to Earth so that scientists can analyze these sample in detail on Earth.
•Describe the main steps involved in the Mars Sample Return Mission, from collecting the samples on Mars, to bringing the samples back to the Earth.

The writing below is just the introduction. I will post the papers that have all

The writing below is just the introduction. I will post the papers that have all the steps required to complete the project. Please go through all the papers that will be uploaded to do the project correctly. Follow the instructions and then check if it is exactly what the criteria require.
The Purpose:
Recreate processes by which astronomers create impactful images of astronomical objects — both informative scientifically and visually pleasing — from multiple source images taken by observatories in specific wavelengths of scientific interest.
Extend this method to create a “multi-channel” image of a subject of personal interest or significance.
Your Task:
Begin by reading some background information, reviewing the meaning of color in a scientific sense and its importance in creating images of astronomical objects that are both informative and aesthetically pleasing.
You will create a set of images — three, total — assembling in each case an image built from (at least) three separate source images, with each source assigned to an individual color channel. The suggested software to use for this assignment is Adobe Photoshop (part of Adobe’s “Creative Cloud” suite, available free for registered PSU students, staff, faculty). Other Photoshop-equivalent applications certainly exist (such as photopea.com, GIMP, Pixelmator, Paint.net, etc.), and you may use one of them instead if you are familiar with them; however, instructions will be provided for completing the image creation using Photoshop.
For the first image, the combination of the source images should yield an overall composition that is “readable at multiple wavelengths” to a trained eye, for information relevant to elements or processes occurring strongly at one wavelength versus another.
The second image will involve adjustments to the first. The astronomical object contained therein need not change. You will just be trying out different color assignments and visual weights, according to personal preferences.
The third image is a composition of your own, representing a subject (or subjects) of personal significance — a kind of visual essay. You get to create a new “multi-wavelength” image of your own using multiple images based on your interests (does not have to be astronomy). You might think of it like, “What could someone learn about you, by observing in different wavelengths?”
Along with these image creations, you will answer a few short questions about your selections and interpretations of the images. Include these images and text in a single document, to turn in on the Project 3 Submissions page.
Criteria / Grading:
You will be responsible for downloading & installing, or otherwise acquiring access to Adobe Photoshop — or an equivalent program.
Photoshop is available free for Penn State students as part of Adobe’s Creative Cloud suite. A short guide to getting Photoshop is included in this module. You may also be able to find it pre-installed to use on a campus lab or library computer.
If you are unable or would prefer not to install a new application on your computer at this time, the site www.photopea.com (Links to an external site.) offers a free Photoshop-like interface and image-editing tools. The site has a “login / account” section, but you do not need to do so; you can use it for free without signing up for anything.
Your image creations and answers to some questions will be combined and submitted online (Canvas) in a single document, similar to that for Project 1 or 2. A checklist and rubric on the Project 3 Submissions page will help you be sure you have covered all the essential points. This will be due by Friday evening, 24 June 2022.
Be sure to allow time for acquiring a copy of Photoshop (if you choose to). Acquiring the license through Penn State, downloading & installing, takes a bit of time.
Alternatively, the site www.photopea.com (Links to an external site.) can do basically everything Photoshop does, but without needing to download or install anything on your own computer. The few differences between “Photopea” and Photoshop are pointed out where applicable in the instructions pages.
Again please pay attention to the steps follow each step everything you need to do will be on the papers uploaded.

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